Sights of Poland: Top 28 (Description + PHOTO)

Достопримечательности Польши: Топ-28 (Описание + ФОТО)

Poland is one of the countries with a rich history, it has always attracted a large number of ancient monuments and picturesque landscapes. Today you will learn about the sights of Poland, what this country can be remembered for. It is better to plan your trip in advance. This is especially true of what to see in Poland.

What is the first thing to see in Poland?

This is a country with hospitable and friendly inhabitants, which makes you want to visit it even more. Moving on to the main thing, what is so beautiful to see in a state located in the central part of the European continent?

1. Warsaw’s Old Town

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Architecture of the Old City of Warsaw

A trip around the country should start with an acquaintance with the historical district of its official capital. It is represented by a market square with a large number of shops, cafes and restaurants for every taste and color. A positive feature of this Polish landmark is the richness of the area with monuments of medieval architecture. It is interesting to know that the Old Town was founded back in the XIII century, initially it was surrounded by an earthen rampart, later it was replaced by brick walls. Don’t forget to take your camera to take a lot of beautiful photos.

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2. Marienburg Castle

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Marienburg Castle is the residence of the Crusaders of the Teutonic Order

One of the main attractions of the country is the “nest” of German knights. The brick bulk of this castle stands on the banks of the Nogat River, which flows 80 km from the border with the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation. Its history began 700 years ago, when the Teutonic residence was officially moved from Venice to Marienburg. The fortress was repeatedly completed and decorated. In 1945, the castle was heavily destroyed, but after the end of World War II, it was literally rebuilt. Now there is a museum in the walls of the building, where interesting weapons collections, amber jewelry, and armor are presented.

Official website: http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/en

3. Tatras

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The mountain slopes of the Tatras

This is the name of the Carpathian mountain system, the highest point of which reaches 2,499 m. This place attracts tourists not only with heights between 1800 and 2500 m, but also with glacial circuses, mountain lakes in large numbers, and deep valleys. The rating of this Polish landmark is rated as high, all because there is still a ski resort known as Zakopane. You can get here by train from the capital. The Tatras are also known for caves, of which there are really many.

4. The Old Town of Krakow

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Shopping building “Cloth rows” in the Old Town of Krakow

If you are planning to go to Krakow, it is better to start your review from the Old Town, all roads from which lead to the market square. It is a “formal living room”, where both locals and guests of the country are used to gather. Krakow residents are proud of their square, because it is considered one of the largest in Europe, it occupies 200*200 m. A trip to the Old Town is worth it, because the market ensemble has preserved in detail the layout of the times when trade was carried out with the whole of Europe.

5. Wawel Castle

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Wawel Castle – Royal Castle on Wawel Hill

This is one of the best attractions in Krakow, represented by a large pedestrian zone. Attention is immediately attracted by a strange sculpture in the form of a dragon. Tourists like to take pictures against its background, a whole legend is connected with it. The castle rises above the Vistula River, and stands on a hill. The territory attracts with an abundance of flowers, processions are held here in honor of the celebration of May 1 and not only. Entrance to the castle is free, but if you want to visit the underground tombs, climb the bell tower or find yourself in the royal chambers, you will need to pay money.

Official website: http://wawel.krakow.pl/en/

6. Wooden churches in the south of Lesser Poland

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Wooden Church in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland

Interesting places are located in the south and east of the Lesser Poland voivodeship, there is a whole group of historically valuable churches made of natural wood from an architectural point of view. Most of them have the appearance of a log cabin, and some represent various architectural styles. The buildings fit perfectly into the picturesque mountain landscape. From the description of this Polish landmark, you can find out that it is included in the UNESCO list.

Feel the atmosphere of Poland in this beautiful video!

7. Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum in Auschwitz

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Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Auschwitz

Everyone knows that three Nazi concentration camps were located in one of the Polish cities during the Second World War. There is a museum dedicated to this topic in Auschwitz. He recalls that hundreds of thousands of people died here at one time. 90% of them were Jews brought from various countries of occupied Europe. During the existence of the concentration camp, more than a million people were killed. Getting into this museum, it is impossible to remain indifferent. This Polish landmark has expositions of objects that were taken by the Nazis from the victims.

Official website: http://auschwitz.org/en/

8. The Old Town in Gdansk

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The Moltava River embankment in the Old Town of Gdansk

What to visit in Poland? The most ancient part of the settlement of Gdansk deserves attention. When the Second World War was underway, a huge number of buildings were damaged, and some even turned into a pile of rubble. Very few buildings were saved. After the end of hostilities, the architecture was restored in accordance with the appearance of the 13th and 17th centuries. Where to go first in Poland? To the old town, of course. It is decorated with many colorful buildings, some of them decorated with drawings carved on wood, sculptural decorations. The view of the ancient center of Europe always leaves vivid impressions.

9. Masurian lake district

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Panorama of the Mazursky lake district

This landmark of Poland is one of the most beautiful, tourists are delighted with the beauty of the local nature. Mazury is a historical and ethnographic area in the northern part of the country. There are about 4 thousand lakes in this region, most of which are connected by canals and rivers. The total area of the Mazurs is about 1,700 km2. Here you can go sailing, kayaking.

10. The Statue of Christ the King

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An impressive statue of Christ the King

This landmark of Poland is one of the modern ones, its opening took place in 2010. The unique feature of the statue is that it is the tallest in the world (36 m). Before its appearance, the famous statue in Rio was considered such. If you drive along the highway towards the city of Svebodzin, the figure of Christ with outstretched arms is clearly visible. The idea of building the monument belongs to Canon Sylvester Zavadsky. Guides in Poland consider it their duty to show the statue of Christ to tourists.

Sights of Poland: what else to visit in Poland?

A trip to the described country will definitely be interesting. It contains just a huge number of historically significant places that deserve attention. What to see in Poland when it seems that you have already seen everything?

11. Salt mine in Wieliczka

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The central altar of the Chapel of St. Kinga in the Wieliczka salt mine

There is another Polish landmark within a 30-minute drive from the royal capital city of Krakow. We are talking about a small town that is inhabited by only 20 thousand people. Its uniqueness lies in the presence of salt mines. They were formed naturally, many years ago there was a large body of water. Excursions in Poland in this direction are held regularly, tourists are shown places where salt was once mined.

Official website: https://www.wieliczka.ru

12. Slovinsky National Park

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Landscape of the Slovin National Park

Are you thinking about what to visit in Poland? Head to the town of Leba, where there is an interesting place in the form of a park area in the central part of the Polish coast. It was founded in order to preserve the natural beauty of the area. Meadows, a system of lakes, coastal forests, and unique dunes also needed protection. Reviews of this place are full of admiration, there are picturesque lakes in the park, into which sea water gets during strong storms. The tourist infrastructure here is rated as well developed.

13. Vilanava Palace

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The majestic Royal Vilanava Palace

Do you want to see Poland’s most important landmark? Welcome to the palace, located on the southeastern outskirts of Warsaw. It is made in the Baroque style, and there is a garden adjacent to it, which the Poles are proud of. The residence for the rulers was built at the end of the seventeenth century, during its existence it was repeatedly completed. It was within the walls of the palace that one of the first art museums in the country was opened, it happened in 1805, and on the initiative of S.K. Potocki.

Official website: http://www.wilanow-palac.pl/

14. Wroclaw Cathedral

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View of the Catholic Cathedral of John the Baptist

Let’s move on. What to see in Poland so you don’t regret it? A beautiful and majestic building in the Gothic style, with neo-Gothic elements, deserves attention. This is the fourth church on Cathedral Island, the first one was built back in the 10th century. Its feature was a nave 25 m long. The modern version of the Wroclaw Cathedral has the appearance of a three-nave basilica with several entrances. This place is one of those that you can see in Poland in 1 day. The cathedral is located in the central part of Wroclaw, namely between the botanical garden and the river.

15. Zakopane

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Zakopane town among the snow-covered Tatras

The city located in the far south of the country has many positive recommendations. Here it is considered one of the largest winter sports centers. Skiing enthusiasts are offered both simple, gentle trails and difficult, steep ones. In some places, elevation differences reach 930 m. What to see in Poland, you ask? Go to Zakopane, there are as many as 10 ski centers waiting for you.

16. Belovezhskaya Pushcha

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Fauna of the Belovezhskaya National Park

This is the largest corner of the relict primitive lowland forest. Once it grew throughout Europe, but gradually it was cut down. The trees survived only in the Bialowieza region, which is on the territory of Poland and Belarus. The Forest is considered one of the most valuable objects of nature, which is under the “protection” of UNESCO. The peculiarity of the national park is the richness and diversity of vegetation. Numerous animals live there, most of which are listed in the Red Book.

Official website: https://bpn.com.pl/index .

17. Lazenka Park

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The palace on the water in the Royal Lazenki Park

There is a unique and very beautiful park area in the heart of the Polish capital. The park was created back in the XVII century, it was originally planned that it would be a nature reserve. There are not many animals here, squirrels and peacocks attract attention. The attractions of the park include a Palace on the water, a White house, a Roman theater, an Egyptian castle and more. All of them have their own interesting history.

Official website: https://www.lazienki-krolewskie.pl/ru

18. The old part of the city of Zamosc

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Fort in the Old Town of Zamoska

The settlement itself appeared according to the idea and desire of one person, who was the crown chancellor. His name was Jan Zamoyski, he wanted to have his own residence, which would be worthy of his high position. The result is a unique architectural ensemble of its kind, which includes a large number of masterpieces with historical and cultural significance. By the way, there are no problems with hotels in Poland, no matter which direction you choose, there will be apartments everywhere, the main thing is to take care of advance booking.

19. Churches of the World

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Facade of the Holy Trinity Peace Church in Svidnitsa

What is interesting and unusual to see in Poland? In some cities of the country there are wooden sacred buildings, which are considered the largest in Europe. Just over 15 years ago, they were included in the UNESCO list. There is a church of peace in Javor, Svidnica, and Głogów. Each has its own interesting story. They not only hold services, but also organize excursions.

Official website: http://kosciolpokojujawor.pl/en/

20. Kalvaria-Zebzhidovsk Architectural and Park complex

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Kalvaria-Zebrzydowska Monastery Complex – pilgrimage center in Poland

There is an interesting religious complex in this city, which has the appearance of a building made in the spirit of mannerism. The surrounding area has a park and several gardens. The multifunctional complex was built in the XVII century, namely during the period of the Catholic church-political movement in Europe, when numerous religious buildings were “created” in memory of Golgotha.

Official website: http://kalwaria.eu/strona/english

21. Muskau Park

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The new palace in Muskau Park

The uniqueness of this attraction lies in the fact that it is located on the territory of several countries at once. It was founded in 1815, the order was issued by the Prussian aristocrat Prince Hermann. He always wanted to have a private garden that looked like a natural landscape. With a lot of effort, he managed to make his dream come true, and modern people enjoy the results. In order to hide the artificial origin of the large garden, a variety of trees, shrubs, flowers and more were used.

22. Ksenj Castle

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The beautiful and monumental Ksenj Castle

What to see in Poland? If possible, do not ignore the beautiful and one of the largest castles in Europe, this place is very significant for Poles. Its peculiarity is surrounded by a beech forest, in which there are whole thickets of rhododendrons. The building is located near Walbrzych, namely on a rocky promontory, it is surrounded by a natural gorge. In order to return the castle to its former splendor, it is currently being systematically restored and repaired inside.

Official website: http://www.ksiaz.walbrzych.pl/en

23. Bieszczady National Park

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The expanses of the Bieszczady National Park

In terms of its size, it ranks third in the ranking of national park areas. There are 23 of them in the country. It is Bieszczadski that is located in the Subcarpathian voivodeship, namely in the south-eastern side. Today, the area of the park area is 292 km2, it includes the highest points of the massif called Beshad. 80% of the entire park is represented by forests, where there are a huge number of plants, mosses, fungi, lichens. There are also many animals, interesting species of birds, it is not surprising that the place is very popular among tourists.

24. Moshnensky castle

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Moshnensky Castle is a delightful building of the XVII century

This is not an ordinary palace, because it resembles a theatrical setting. Just think about it, the structure includes 99 towers. The view is admired not only by children, but also by adults. It is interesting to know that the beautiful castle has never performed a defensive function during its entire existence. This is the reason for the lack of interest in him from foreign conquerors, which allowed him to remain unharmed. The Moshnensky castle is a real “cocktail” of styles. Its facade is made in Baroque style, the wing on the east side is in Neo-Gothic, the western part corresponds to the classical Neo-Renaissance style.

25. Clear Mountain

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Yasna Gora Catholic Monastery in Czestochowa Aneta Lazurek

We are talking about the main shrine of Poland. The monastery houses the miraculous icon of the Mother of God of Czestochowa, she is also the patroness of the country. This place is one of the most popular pilgrimage sites, there are many myths and facts about it. What to see in Poland, namely on the territory of Yasnaya Gora? Attention should be paid to the towering powerful bastions, the main temple and the chapel. Of particular interest is the Knight’s Hall, where receptions of honored guests were organized at one time. The complex of buildings also includes sacristy, libraries with old printed publications and more.

26. The Old town in Torun

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Medieval Old Town in Torun

It is worth noting that this Polish landmark is listed as a national treasure. The ancient part of the city is special in that it preserves unique architectural monuments. It is separated by a moat and a river, the city walls are no exception, which have only partially survived. At one time, the Old Town was expanded, now the Old Town Square is located in its central part, the northwestern part is represented by the territory of the former monastery, and the marriage church is located in the southwest. During the Swedish siege, the described part of the city was severely damaged, then a large number of buildings were burned and destroyed. It was only after 1945 that extensive restoration work began. Today, the Old Town is deservedly considered the pearl of Torun.

27. Old Habits

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Starye Povonzki – famous necropolis of Warsaw Krzysztof Belczyński

This is a cemetery where famous figures of Polish history and culture are buried. A considerable part of it is reserved for the graves of the military, victims of the wars of the XIX-XX centuries. There is a landmark in Warsaw, it is interesting because some of the tombstones are real works of art. It is especially beautiful here on the night of All Saints’ Day. On October 31, a large number of people gather at the cemetery to honor the memory of the fallen, for which a huge number of candles are lit on the graves.

28. Grabarka Mountain of Crosses

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Wooden crosses of pilgrims on the Holy Grabarka Mountain

A place with an interesting name is considered holy, pilgrims come from various countries of the world to worship it. On the days of major church holidays, a Procession is organized. This is what events are called when a large number of believers walk. Sometimes the distance from the settlement to the mountain reaches 100 km, all this time people carry heavy wooden crosses. This custom has been around for 200 years. The mountain got its name from the fact that on its top in the forest each pilgrim leaves his cross, of which a large number have already gathered there.

As you can see, there are really a lot of attractions on the territory of the described country, which is why tours in this direction are very popular. Seasoned travelers recommend planning a trip in advance so as not to lose sight of all the most interesting and significant things. The most popular cities among tourists are Gdansk, Krakow, and the capital. The fact that there are interesting things in them was mentioned at the beginning. Whichever direction you choose, you will be impressed by the unforgettable atmosphere everywhere.

Also read about the best sights of Sweden and get inspired for your further journey through Europe!

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