Attractions in Brazil: Top 30

Top 30 tourist attractions in Brazil - colorful and vibrant street market

Достопримечательности Бразилии: Топ-30

Brazil is a country whose culture was influenced by Portuguese and African traditions. Latin American roots are also strongly felt in historical development. The diversity of cultures has directly affected the formation of the tourist infrastructure, so trips around the country promise a lot of enchanting experiences. They may include visits to carnivals and festivals, cultural centers or religious sites. The sights of Brazil are extremely diverse: These are architectural monuments, museums, and famous sambodromes. The excursions are conducted by highly qualified specialists familiar with the history and culture of the country. They will replenish the knowledge of tourists with fascinating stories and answer any question of interest.

What to see in Brazil first of all

Absolutely all excursions in Brazil, provided they are properly prepared, will bring a lot of positive impressions, so you just have to choose which objects to pay the most attention to. It is especially fascinating to combine the inspection of historical monuments and natural wonders, of which there are incredibly many in the country.

1. Statue of Christ (Rio De Janeiro)

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Statue of Christ the Savior on Mount Corcovado

The statue of Christ the Redeemer is the most recognizable in the country. It is located on Mount Corcovado. The outstretched Arms of Christ symbolize the blessing of the city. Millions of tourists seek to get to Rio de Janeiro precisely in order to see the statue of Christ the Redeemer. This famous landmark of Brazil was built in honor of the 100th anniversary of independence. Work began in 1922. It is noteworthy that the fundraising for the construction was carried out by volunteers with the active participation of Bishop Sebastian Leme.

It was originally planned that the statue of Christ would stand on the globe. But later the project was changed. The idea of the figure of Christ with outstretched arms belongs to the artist Carlos Osvaldo. The arm span reaches 28 meters. The pedestal is 8 meters, and the figure of Christ itself is 30 meters.

Interestingly, the details of the statue were made in France and then delivered to Brazil. There is a chapel inside the monument. The work lasted for about 9 years. The consecration and opening ceremony of the statue took place in 1931. For those who think what to visit in Brazil, this is a very interesting object.

Official website: https://en.cristoredentoroficial

Brazil | Hotels at competitive prices

2. Adam and Eve Waterfall (Iguazu)

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Adam and Eve Waterfall on the Iguazu River

The Adam and Eve Waterfall can rightfully be considered the greatest natural attraction in Brazil. The complex of waterfalls on the Iguazu River delights everyone who sees them. They are located on the border of Brazil and Argentina.

The waterfall complex became a UNESCO heritage site in the 80s of the last century. Adam and Eve is located in Iguazu Park next to Bossetti Waterfall.

The Adam and Eve waterfall is especially beautiful on a sunny day, when millions of splashes reflect rays that shimmer with all the colors of the rainbow. At the same time, the spray cloud itself rises several meters — so great is the force of the falling water flow. There are sturdy viewing platforms for tourists.

3. Bird Park (Foz Do Iguazu)

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Toucan parrot in the Bird Park

There is a Bird Park in the municipality of Foz Do Iguazu. It covers an area of 17 hectares. According to the organizers, the birds live here in their natural habitat. Places where birds congregate are surrounded by nets. Tourists have the opportunity to go inside the aviaries and admire the birds in their natural conditions.

All the birds living in Brazil can be seen in the park. Experts have counted about 900 species. The bird Park was founded not only for tourists. Scientific research is constantly carried out here, the purpose of which is to create optimal conditions for the preservation of especially rare breeds. In addition to birds, exotic butterflies can be seen in the park, striking in their brightness. In addition, crocodiles and snakes are found here.

As for flowering and evergreen plants, their freshness and beauty are provided with special care. The aromas of freshness are floating in the air. You can enjoy this Brazilian landmark as part of an organized tour.

Official website:

4. Vanda Mines (Puerto Iguazu)

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View of the Wanda mines

The mine is located near the city of Puerto Iguazu. This is an extensive deposit of semi-precious stones. If you are wondering what to visit in Brazil, then the Wanda mine is a good option to replenish the baggage of impressions. The mine is named after the Polish Princess Wanda. The unique deposit was discovered in 1976.

The mine is rich in minerals. In particular, agate, topaz, rock crystal, quartz and some others are mined here. Most of the semi-precious stones mined in the mine are raw materials for jewelry production. To attract tourists, there are several special shops nearby that sell jewelry with minerals and stones mined here.

The process of stone mining itself will be no less interesting for tourists. During the tour, you can get acquainted with their variety. The guides tell us in an interesting way how many shapes of stones are found here, as well as what colors prevail in them.

5. Pantanal (Mato Grosso do Sul)

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Water lilies in the Pantanal ecological Paradise

There is a picturesque tectonic depression in the western part of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Pantanal means “wet lowland” in translation. There are very few such large wetlands on the planet. The approximate area is 195,000 square kilometers.

During the flood season, the Pantanal turns into a beautiful lake. However, winter droughts come, and an overgrown swamp and sandbanks appear on the site of the lake. In addition, during winter droughts, grassy areas and wandering riverbeds can be seen at this place. At the same time, the flora here is extremely diverse, which makes it possible to attribute the Pantanal to the natural attractions of Brazil.

There are 650 species of birds and more than 50 species of reptiles. The flora is represented by 3,500 species of plants. It is a protected natural area that has been declared a UNESCO site. On three sides, the Pantanal is sharply bounded by cliffs and gorges of the plateau. The terrain here is as contrasting as the weather conditions.

See the beautiful places of Brazil in this wonderful video!

6. “The Devil’s Throat”

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Waterfall “Devil’s Throat” from a bird’s-eye view

There is a unique waterfall complex on the Iguazu River. There are 275 of them here. The most impressive is the 700-meter ledge, which has a horseshoe shape. The Devil’s Throat waterfall consists of 14 streams of water that continuously descend from a height of 350 feet.

The waterfall is located in a huge cloud of spray sparkling in the sun. The “Devil’s Throat” was discovered for the Western world in 1541 by the famous traveler El Dorado Cabeza de Vaca. The strength and power of the waterfall will be of interest to those who think what to see in Brazil. The observation decks here are very durable, there is no danger for tourists. The multi-stage platforms extend for many kilometers, which makes it possible to admire this Brazilian landmark at any time.

History has preserved an enthusiastic review by E. Roosevelt, who was stunned by the majestic picture of the waterfall. When Eleanor saw him, she said in shock, “Pathetic Niagara.” It is better to view the waterfall from a helicopter when all the streams of water are open in one panorama.

7. Sugarloaf Mountain (Rio de Janeiro)

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The cable car to the “Sugar Loaf”

The mountain has a height of 396 meters. It rises majestically above Guanabara Bay and is a natural landmark of Brazil. The unusual shape of the mountain was the reason for the original name. Locals call it Pan-di-Asukar, which means “sugar loaf”. What is the reason for such an unusual shape of the mountain?

It turns out that intrusive igneous rocks have been weathering here for centuries. There is practically no vegetation on the slopes of the mountain. From the outside, she looks stern and ascetic. The first settlement at the foot of the mountain arose in 1565. It was here that Rio de Janeiro was later founded.

In 1817, the British flag appeared on the top of Sugar Mountain. It was placed by the English nurse Henrietta Carstairs. This was the first ascent of the mountain. And already in 1912, a cable car appeared here. It is still available to travelers at the moment.

For anyone wondering what to see in Brazil, it will be interesting to climb the cable car to Sugar Mountain with three stops: Praia Vermella, Urca and the summit of Pan di Asucar. At the same time, you can admire the amphitheater on Urka Mountain. The Concha Verde concert complex in Urca often hosts dance shows that are so loved in Brazil.

8. Amazon Rainforest

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Amazon Evergreen Forests

Brazil’s natural attractions include the Amazon forests. They have a second name — Amazonia, which is more common in Brazil. These are broad-leaved forests with high humidity. Amazonia is located in the basin of the river of the same name. Powerful evergreen forests cover an area of 5.5 million square kilometers.

This is 50% of the area of all tropical forests on the planet. The Amazon extends over the territory of 9 states, including Brazil. The biological diversity of wet forests has always attracted travelers and tourists.

Currently, 40,000 species of plants and 3,000 species of fish have been described, but scientists tend to believe that this is not complete data. The fauna of the Amazon is also rich, and the tropical deciduous forests are home to many predators that pose a serious danger to humans. Among them are jaguar and cayman. In addition, there are many poisonous snakes in the rainforests, so independent travel is undesirable here.

Unfortunately, the Amazon forests are rapidly shrinking. There are statistics according to which, only from 1991 to 2004, the forest area decreased by more than 400,000 square kilometers. Logging is carried out haphazardly, the state is not always able to control this process.

The reason for the deforestation is the clearing of the territory for agriculture. However, the situation has now been somewhat optimized, since Greenpeace and many public organizations have actively joined the conservation of tropical forests.

9. Pedra Pintada (Roraima State)

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The rocky formation “Painted Stone”

There is an amazing rocky formation in the Brazilian state of Roraima. Translated, the name Pedra Pintada reads like “painted stone”. From the outside, it looks multicolored, with vertical light stripes on a dark background prevailing in the coloring. The rock extends up to 35 m. It is located above sea level at an altitude of 83 meters.

Tourists have a lot to see in Brazil. Inside the “painted stone” there is a cave with rock paintings. Once upon a time, ancient tribes lived here, who left stone axes and a lot of ceramic dishes to their descendants. It should be noted that tourists do not always have the opportunity to get into this cave. The fact is that Pedra Pintada (“painted stone”) is located on the territory of an Indian reservation.

The Indians are jealous of this landmark of Brazil, which is located on their lands. For tourist or other purposes, it is possible to enter the cave only with the permission of the FUNAI National Indian Foundation. If permission is obtained, then vivid impressions are guaranteed to travelers. After all, the cave paintings inside the cave are made with bright white and pink paint.

10. Ibirapuera Park (Sao Paulo)

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Bandeiras Monument dedicated to the European pioneers of Brazil

What do you think to see in Brazil? Of course, Ibirapuera Park in Sao Paulo. It covers an area of 140 hectares. The year of the park’s foundation is 1954. Its opening took place in honor of the 400th anniversary of Sao Paulo. The author of the landscape project was Roberto Burle Marx, and the buildings located in the park were designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer.

Tourists are always fascinated not only by the park vegetation, but also by its very structure. In fact, it is a small kingdom that has palaces, lakes and forests. The largest lake is located at the entrance to the park. White and black swans are swaying on its waters. Fat geese and ducks swim nearby. One of the pleasures for park visitors was the opportunity to feed them.

Birds are used to treats and swim up close to people. Colorful fountains with moving jets are installed on the lake. The vegetation here is very diverse. For example, there are Japanese gardens and sprawling palm groves in the park. In fact, the whole nature of the southeastern part of Brazil is represented here. The structure of the park is designed so that the buildings fit seamlessly into the landscape.

Therefore, in general, the park gives the impression of complete harmony. Among the iconic monuments is the monument to Pedro Alvarez Cabral, who is the first European to reach the coast of Brazil. The park looks very romantic, so dates are often arranged here. You can not assume that the sights of Brazil have been visited if you have not got acquainted with this beautiful place.

Sights of Brazil: what else to visit while in Brazil

Continuing to consider interesting places, we will tell you about those that attract tourists and locals alike. It is most convenient if you are accompanied by professional guides in Brazil, who know the optimal time to visit the sights and other subtleties of organizing excursions.

11. Botanical Garden in Rio de Janeiro

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The Alley of the Botanical Garden in Rio de Janeiro

All the enchanting diversity of Brazilian flora and fauna is represented in the Botanical Garden. It occupies 54 hectares. 6.5 thousand species of plantings have been registered here. At the same time, those that are on the verge of extinction are especially appreciated. In addition to the rich vegetation, the Botanical Garden has monuments and architectural structures.

In addition, a scientific center operates on the territory of the Botanical Garden for the systematization and study of vegetation. It has a rich library. The books in it are selected mainly on botanical subjects. The year of foundation of the Botanical Garden is 1808. Initially, it was created so that exotic plants imported from other countries could undergo acclimatization.

For this purpose, special conditions were created for them, greenhouses were built. The garden was laid out at the behest of King John VI. It crowns the sights of Brazil and is a national treasure. The Botanical Garden is located to the right of the famous statue of Christ. Since 1992, the Botanical Park in Rio de Janeiro has been declared a UNESCO site. It is currently considered a biosphere reserve.

12. Copacabana (Rio de Janeiro)

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Bright Spot Beach in Rio de Janeiro

The Copacabana beach area in Rio de Janeiro stretches for 4 kilometers. Previously, there was a fishing village on this site, which bore the same name. Translated, this word means “bright spot”. Copacabana is famous for the fact that representatives of the art world found shelter here. Brazilian artists, writers or artists often settled here.

Copacabana reached its special heyday in the 50s of the last century. And later, wealthy citizens and politicians began to settle in this area. This area is connected to Rio de Janeiro by a tram line.

The year of the founding of Copacabana is considered to be 1750, when a chapel appeared on this site. Over time, the first settlements began to appear here, which have now turned into an independent suburb of Rio de Janeiro.

Nowadays, the prestige of Copacabana has significantly decreased due to the fact that illegal business has begun to flourish here. However, it is in Copacabana that the largest concert venue in Rio de Janeiro is located. Rod Stewart’s concert in 1994 attracted more than 4 million people, which is noted in the Guinness Book of Records. Later, in 2006, a Rolling Stones concert was held here with the same incredible success, attracting approximately 2,000,000 spectators. Copacabana still carries the spirit of free creativity.

13. Maracana Stadium (Rio de Janeiro)

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Top view of the Maracana Stadium

Brazil’s attractions include sports facilities. These include the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro. It is the largest football stadium in the country. The famous clubs Flamengo, Fluminense and the Brazilian national team consider it their home arena.

The stadium was named after a nearby river. The year of its foundation is 1948. Then Brazil was preparing for the 1950 World Cup. The work was finally completed in 1965. Since then, the Maracana has been considered the main Brazilian stadium.

This is a very spacious venue, the stadium holds several attendance records. It is built in the shape of an oval. It is noteworthy that here the playing field is separated from the stands by a moat with water. The purpose of the moat is a drain from the stands. The stadium is located in a zone of tropical downpours, so the installation of drainage ditches is a functional necessity.

The stadium is open, but a large oval-shaped canopy has been arranged along the contour of the stands. In 2016, the grand opening of the Summer Olympic Games took place at this stadium. All football matches within the framework of the 2016 Olympics were also held at this stadium.

14. Ponta Dunas Water Park (Fortaleza)

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Ponta Dunas Water Park Extreme Slide

Fortaleza is home to one of the largest Brazilian water parks. Ponta Dunas is a favorite summer entertainment for tourists. Countless dizzying attractions attract vacationers here. Slides and extreme descents in streams of water that make your heart stop are a guarantee of the most vivid impressions. Ponta Dunas complements the sights of Brazil. He admires thoughtful engineering and technical solutions and the gushing imagination of the creators.

For example, it is on the territory of this water park that there is a slide that is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. From the outside, it’s scary to imagine that someone would decide to descend, because the slide reaches the level of a 14-storey building. Nevertheless, the slide is never empty. Dozens of brave daredevils, who are characterized by the spirit of excitement, are rushing from it. They have a fair dose of adrenaline!

There is a 40-meter slide nearby, it was built later, so it has not yet been declared a world record. The descent from it is almost vertical. Surprisingly, it is never empty either. The organizers have provided a system of restrictions for such attractions. Pregnant women and children below one and a half meters cannot ride them.

The territory of Ponta Dunas is huge. Moreover, the height of the local attractions allows you to admire the sea, because the water park is located in the coastal strip. For tourists, everything is provided here: from food to places of rest. Cafes and restaurants offer an exquisite menu. Tourists tired of extreme pleasures are offered calm and cozy rooms at the hotel.

Several artificial rivers flow through the park. It has pools of different depths. Moreover, each pool maintains its own temperature balance. Ponta Dunas is the first such structure in South America.

15. Gastronomic Museum (El Salvador)

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Fish moceca – traditional Brazilian fish soup Gilrovina

What to visit in Brazil? For lovers of delicacies, the gastronomic museum in El Salvador is a real find. The exposition here is very unusual. It is entirely devoted to gastronomic wisdom. Here you can get acquainted with the history of Brazilian cuisine and national customs. The museum was opened in 2006.

In addition to the classic exhibits, you can watch videos. In addition, the guides offer a documentary film dedicated to the gastronomic features of Brazil. Also, tourists are always interested in cutlery dated from different centuries.

There is also a souvenir shop. And since the exposition is fascinating about food, the local restaurant is never empty. Here you can taste many of the dishes described in the museum.

16. Portuguese Royal Library (Rio de Janeiro)

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Facade of the Portuguese Royal Library Felipe Restrepo Acosta

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The interior of the reading room of the Portuguese Royal Library uwephilly

An ancient, very recognizable monumental building can hardly be called just a library. This is a real temple of science, the greatness of which amazes both from the outside and especially inside, when you get into the realm of books arranged on amazingly beautiful shelves made of carved wood. And in general, absolutely all the interior is made of wood — carved lace from floor to ceiling alternate with thousands of books, and the ceiling space is crowned with a magnificent mosaic, through which colored glass light penetrates into the room. The Manueline-style building began construction in 1880, and in 1900 the library opened its doors to the general public.

17. Amazonas Theatre (Manaus)

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View of the Amazonas Theater Karine Hermes

In the very center of the Brazilian city of Manaus is the building of the Amazonas Opera House, built at the end of the 19th century, during the “rubber fever”. The increased demand for rubber once allowed local planters to become so rich that they were able to invite European opera stars. Over time, England was able to establish rubber production in its tropical colonies, and with the advent of a competitor, Brazilian planters quickly went bankrupt. The theater was abandoned for many years, and only in the 90s of the last century it experienced a new flourishing. Today, the Amazon Opera Festival is held annually within its walls, which attracts thousands of tourists.

18. Museum of Modern Art (Rio de Janeiro)

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The Museum of Modern Art in the Flamengo Park in Rio de Janeiro Halley Pacheco de Oliveira

The sights of the capital of Brazil, which is still considered Rio de Janeiro, despite the fact that the city lost this status back in 1960, include not only historical, but also modern facilities. The building of the Museum of Modern Art, shaped like a flying saucer, is remembered by all visitors by its appearance. Both the facade and the interior design of the museum are distinguished by their originality. The museum’s exposition itself was created as a result of the large-scale cultural and economic upheaval that Brazil experienced after World War II. The collection exhibits works of contemporary art collected from different countries. These are objects of painting, sculpture, graphics, metal and plastic structures.

19. Carnival in Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro)

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A car with dancers at the carnival in Rio de Janeiro Sergio Luiz

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Inside the Sambadrome at the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro Alan Betensley

If we talk about the national attractions of Brazil, the carnival in Rio is their most striking example. This event can be called one of the most colorful, enchanting, large-scale events in the whole world. Every year hundreds of thousands of people from different countries come to the festival to personally participate in the celebration. Traditionally, the action takes place in February-March, shortly before Lent according to the Catholic calendar. During the event, representatives of the 12 best samba schools demonstrate the skills of incendiary dance, and jury groups located at several points along the route of the carnival procession, at this time evaluate the quality of performance, starting from the dance technique and ending with the type of costumes.

20. The city of Ouro Preto (Minas Gerais State)

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A street in the city of Ouro Preto

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View of the colonial city of Ouro Preto

The ancient city in the east of Brazil was once one of the main centers of the “gold rush” in South America, and evidence of its importance today is a number of unique buildings, most of which were built in the 18th century and decorated in the colonial Baroque style. Today, the town has become a real open-air museum, and traffic is even blocked in its historical part. Among all the city buildings, the Catholic church of Ouro Preto stands out especially, as well as a huge number of museums are concentrated here. Of no less interest is the suburban Itakolomi Park, in the tropical forests of which you can see wildlife in its pristine beauty.

21. Olinda Historical Center (Pernambuco State)

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Church of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the historical center of Olinda

According to the buildings of the historical center of one of the most beautiful Brazilian cities, Olinda, the history of Brazil is read, starting from the time of the first Portuguese colonizers. This authentic city in the northeast of the country was founded in the 16th century. At that time, colonialists settled here, and the city they built flourished for a century. During the raids of the Dutch invaders, it was seriously destroyed, and after another couple of decades, the Portuguese power was restored, and new beautiful palaces and rich mansions were erected here — most of them have survived to our times. The elegant stucco, rich gilding and other abundant decoration of the facades of these buildings still impresses with its splendor.

22. Church of San Francisco (El Salvador)

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The square and the cross in front of the Church of St. Francis in Salvador Rosino

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Gold products in the interior of the San Francisco Church in Salvador fernando_dallacqua

Another object of historical value is located in the city of Salvador — the church of San Francisco, also built during the era of Portuguese colonial rule. The exterior, moderately restrained appearance of the building strongly contrasts with its interior decoration, the richness of which is even difficult to describe. Literally the entire temple is covered with gold from the inside, the extraordinary abundance of gilded carved elements, paintings and sculptures is impressive — their golden highlights amaze the most sophisticated imagination. It is thanks to this decoration that the temple received its second name — the “golden church”. The building itself is decorated in the best traditions of the Brazilian Baroque.

23. Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge (Sao Paulo)

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The cruciform pillar of the Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge on the Pineiros River in Sao Paulo

Visiting Sao Paulo, you can see with your own eyes one of the most unusual and modern structures in the country — the Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge. For visitors, this is a unique sight, where you can take original photos, and for local residents it is an important transport artery of the city. The main visual features of the structure are a characteristic X—shaped 138-meter support, the main function of which is to support two levels of the transport highway, as well as 144 powerful cables holding the roadbed. The construction of the bridge started in 2006, and two years later its grand opening took place.

24. Mount Corcovado (Rio de Janeiro)

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Train taking tourists to the top of Corcovado Klaus with K

Brazil, whose capital today is the city of Brasilia, still keeps most of the sights in its former capital, the city of Rio de Janeiro. One of the symbols of Rio and the whole country is the monumental statue of Christ the Redeemer, thanks to which Mount Corcovado became famous all over the world — it is on its top that a colossal 40-meter sculpture of the Savior stands. The mountain itself is located on the territory of the Tijuca National Park. A railway of a special design leads to its top — it has a gear engagement, which is necessary for the safe coupling of the train with the rails on a steep climb. Three trains run regularly along this track, which provide visitors to the mountain with a quick ascent to the top in 20 minutes.

25. Lacerda Elevator (El Salvador)

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Lacerda Passenger Elevator in Salvador krebsmaus07

One of the most notable attractions of the city of Salvador is its unusual Lacerda lift, which performs the function of public transport. The fact is that the city itself, located on the oceanic coast, has a strong elevation difference, starting from the coast to the mainland. Therefore, for the convenience of movement, a kind of elevator was created connecting Cairo Square in the Lower City and Souza Square in the Upper City. It consists of two towers — in one there are elevator cabins, in the other, located in the rock, there are counterweights. Every day, about 28 thousand passengers get from one part of the city to another thanks to the lift.

26. Ipanema Beach (Rio de Janeiro)

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Vacationers on Ipanema beach in the south of Rio de Janeiro

A paradise with a hot southern mentality and a bright national flavor — all this is temperamental Brazil. The sights of Rio de Janeiro delight not only with cultural sites, enchanting holidays, but also with extremely beautiful nature, including beautiful sea beaches. Among them is the romantic Ipanema beach, a place of exclusive relaxation and contemplation of beautiful sunset views. If we compare this place with the first important Copacabana beach, it can be noted that Ipanema is characterized by tranquility and serenity. At the same time, entertainment lovers will find activities to their liking here — ideal conditions for surfing are created on the beach, you can play football, volleyball and football.

27. Beaches of El Salvador (El Salvador)

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Picturesque view of the bay and sandy beach in El Salvador

Lovers of wild holidays will certainly like the picturesque, little-known beaches, which can be called one of the most beautiful in Latin America. This is truly a paradise land — a multi-kilometer sandy strip of the coast is adjacent to hundreds of palm trees and other abundant vegetation. A small number of campsites, several small restaurants and bars are all that can be found of the signs of civilization in these places. But there are excellent opportunities for surfing, other sports, serene bathing in gentle waves, as well as natural pools for a relaxing holiday.

28. Lens Maranensis National Park (Marjan State, Barreirinhas)

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Dunes and lagoons of the Lens Maranensis National Park

For fans of natural attractions in Brazil, there are plenty of opportunities to contemplate the most dizzying landscapes. Many of the sights of Argentina and Brazil are located on the border of these two neighboring countries. These include, for example, the large-scale Iguazu waterfalls, which have become the property of two states. Most of the natural sites are located on the territory of nature reserves. Among such places is the beautiful national park of Lensois Maranensis, striking the imagination with its mysterious nature — its entire territory is covered with snow-white sands, but it is by no means a desert. Heavy rains periodically fall here, forming lagoons of incredible blue, turquoise and green colors between the rows of sand dunes.

29. Serra da Capivara National Park (Piaui State)

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Canyon in the Serra da Capivara National Park Py4nf

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The natural beauty of the Serra da Capivara National Park

A unique reserve of archaeological sites is located in the northeastern part of the country – the Serra da Capivara National Park. The rocks located on its territory store numerous evidences of the cultural development of mankind — in their caves you can see unique examples of ancient rock art depicting scenes from the life of prehistoric people. These lands officially became protected in 1979, when a Brazilian female archaeologist organized the first excavations here, as a result of which the dwellings and graves of an ancient man, as well as jewelry, objects of labor and works of art were found. To this day, archaeological research continues in this region and new discoveries are being made.

30. Fernando de Noronha (State of Pernambuco)

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Beautiful aerial view of the beaches of Fernando de Noronha

350 kilometers from the northeast coast of the country in the Atlantic Ocean there is an archipelago of volcanic nature, consisting of 21 islands, and one of them, the largest, gave the name to the entire archipelago. This is the island of Fernando de Noronha, which was once granted to a wealthy Lisbon merchant. The islands of the archipelago have a wonderful, warm tropical climate, with a dry season from August to January. Here you can see several ancient buildings — for example, a historical church or a palace, as well as busades in the Portuguese colonial style. The stunning beaches of the island are ideal for recreation, diving and sailing.


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